What Does A Coyote Sound Like?

Have you been in a situation where you have heard coyotes calling loudly? If yes, you may be thinking about what makes this animal howl and bark intensely.

Do you want to know the reason for coyote calls? If you do, then this is the article for you. It’s all about coyote sounds. 

So, what does a coyote sound like? Coyotes will often sound different in different situations. They can use eleven types of vocals depending on what’s happening around them.

The sort of sounds they come out with are a bark, yelp, howl, whine, woof, growl and many more. 

Without a doubt, the credit for the most variant vocal mammal goes to the coyote. They will even howl in groups that are really annoying at night especially.

If you happen to live near coyotes, you are likely to feel disturbance especially when they howl in groups at night. 

Read on to understand what they want to say through these different sounds.

What Sound Does A Coyote Make

The coyote is a very vocal animal that can produce a variety of sounds with different frequencies as well as intensity.

These vocals will be meaningful and situational. They will bark, howl, yelp, huff, woof and whine depending on the situation.

If you have ever lived near coyote dominated areas, you may have observed restless nights due to their noises. They even utter collective howls that can be really disturbing for the human population nearby.

Eleven Types Of Coyote Vocals And Meanings

According to studies, a coyote has the ability to make eleven different sounds. These sound patterns have different intensity, loudness, and frequencies. Let’s see the details of each vocal type with meaning one by one. 


Woof calls are made by parent animals in particular when they want to push their cubs in a hidden place or den.

These sounds will usually be low-pitch alarms in case of impending dangers or predators. Adult dogs will often utter woof like vocals close to the bedding areas or the den of the pups. It will sound like, wooo…ooo. 


As with most animals, growls are low warning sounds but with high pitch which means don’t come closer. These sounds can be heard when puppies fight each other during mating. Sometimes growling accompanies barking if danger is not so far. 


Huff calls are also high pitch warning vocals. These sounds are produced from the mouth and nostrils. Animals forcefully push air out through the nose to produce these sounds.

Therefore, these are less like sound and more pressure of air from noise. The purpose of these calls is to stop unwanted advances of a fellow coyote or even other animals.

What does a coyote sound like?


Barking sounds of a coyote resemble a dog. Such sounds are most common and it is difficult to identify between dog bark and coyote bark.

Coyote’s bark for several reasons. The most common reason is to talk to other fellows but they also bark in cases of danger and unwanted advance.


The sound of a yelp is often made in feelings of excitement. Young ones will often make yelp noises whilst they are playing with others.

These vocals are high intensity but in short note sounds. These sounds suggest that the coyote is happy,


Whines are seen as expressive notes in case of distress, hunger or pain. During delivery, female coyotes whine with pain. Young coyotes whine in low pitch during hunger.

High Pitch Whines

High pitch whines are agonistic sounds that are produced by leading animals. They show submission to subordinates. 

Bark howls

Bark howls are when coyotes bark and howl simultaneously. The purpose of these sounds are meant for alarming signals and showing dominance over territory.

Low Pitch Whines

Low-frequency whines include physical gestures also like tail wagging and muzzle nibling. These sounds are made to attract the opposite sex in the mating season.

Group Collective Howl

As you would expect, group collective howls are multiple sounds at the same time. These are like greeting dog songs like wooo…ooo. It would be as if the coyote pack is having a party. 

Lost Lone Call

This call is extremely disturbing produced by infants when they lose parents . Pups make this harrowing sound to call to their mothers or to tell them they are hungry.

Response To Lone Howl 

Response to the lone call of the pup is group howls. These sounds are long notes and high pitch sounds. 

Final Thoughts

It is interesting to note that coyote calls are meaningful with strong expressions. However, the meanings will often be situational.

Often they will scream with excitement and at the same time they will also howl with agony. It will ultimately depend on what is going on around them.

The sounds of a coyote will carry meanings of distress, warning, agony, domination, excitement, pain, betrayal and many more.

George Alexander
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